The Global fuel consumption rate is really alarming and continues to rise daily. If not for ever advancing Technology for making renewable energy and other alternative energy possible, Global warming would have tripled.
Hybrid and Electric Vehicles are taking over and some countries have already placed a deadline for the end of petrol or diesel cars. However, it will still take some decades to make this possible in some parts of the world like Africa. So in the mean time, while saving to afford an electric vehicle, you can save yourself some petrol money and also help reduce global warming by doing some of these simple practices while driving.
- Make sure the gas cap is tightly closed: When your vehicle’s gas cap is not properly closed, it gives room for some petrol to evaporate. Remember it is very volatile. After buying petrol, always ensure you check the gas cap yourself as the filling station attendant might not do it properly. It’s your money, so don’t be ignorant.
- Accelerate and brake steadily: While driving, always apply steady and consistent force to your car’s accelerator pedal. If there is no danger to run from that warrants an instant heavy foot on the gas pedal, take your time and have a steady acceleration and breaking. This practice will always save you some fuel.
- Make your car more aerodynamic: This means you should try to make your vehicle have a more stream lined shape. Do not attach extra designs that can cause air drag while driving. You can also remove the roof racks on top of the car, and also decrease the weight of the car by taking out items you won’t be needing
- Keep the windows closed: Keeping your windows down while driving creates more air drag and wind resistance. The more aerodynamic your vehicle remains, the better its fuel efficiency. If you are driving at less than 35 mph, it is usually okay to keep the windows down. However, at higher speeds, if the windows are down, there will be air drag causing the engine to work more and consume more fuel
- Check your tire pressure:At least once a month, you should check your tires pressure. Under-inflated tires burn more fuel. If tires are 8 pounds under inflated, (not an uncommon condition), rolling resistance of the tires increases by 5 per cent.
- Replace dirty air filters: Dirty air filters cause your car’s engine to work much harder than it has to and always results to your vehicle consuming more petrol. So, make sure you follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for periodically changing out the air filter. Nigeria is a very dusty country especially because of numerous bad roads. So endeavor to change air filter more often. A clean air filter allows your engine to perform more efficiently and helps you save money at the pump.
- Don’t idle for long if you are not in Danger:Don’t let the vehicle idle for more than a minute. Idling consumes half-a-gallon to one gallon of gas per hour and pumps needless CO2 into the atmosphere. The modern engine will consume less fuel turning off and re-starting than idling for extended periods. We are already being faced with no-idle zones. Also, to effectively warm an engine, drive it, don’t rev it. Engines only work hard under load and will warm up much quicker if you simply start the engine, wait for 20 seconds, (this builds the oil pressure,) and drive away.
Use cruise control:When appropriate, use your cruise control. This can save you up to 6 per cent in fuel consumption on the highway.
- Use recommended engine oil for your engine:You can improve your gas mileage by one to two per cent by using the manufacturer’s recommended grade of motor oil. For example, using 10W-30 motor oil in an engine designed to use 5W-30 can lower your gas mileage by one to two per cent. Thicker oil is harder to pump. This adds to parasitic horsepower loses.
- Stop revving your engines:Avoid “revving” the engine, especially just before you switch the engine off; this wastes fuel needlessly and washes oil down from inside the cylinder walls. This is really bad thing for the next start up, as the cylinder walls will be dry.
- Avoid Rough roads:This is very difficult to avoid because we have rough roads everywhere in Nigeria. However, you will save more fuel and increase vehicle lifespan taking longer smooth roads than taking shorter rough roads.